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A botanist Jurgis Pabrėža ( ), created first systematic information of Lithuanian flora Taislius auguminis (Botany), written in Samogitian dialect, the Latin-Lithuanian dictionary of plant names, first Lithuanian textbook of geography. Agriculture in Lithuania dates to the Neolithic period lithuanian brides, about 3,000 to 1,000 BC. It has been considered one of Lithuania’s most important occupations for many centuries.

The Catholic Church was persecuted by the Russian Empire as a part of the Russification policies and by the Soviet Union as part of the overall anti-non secular campaigns. During the Soviet period, some clergymen actively led the resistance towards the Communist regime, as symbolised by the Hill of Crosses and exemplified by The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania. There is now Compulsory Health Insurance for Lithuanian residents. There are 5 Territorial Health Insurance Funds, masking Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Šiauliai and Panevėžys. Contributions for people who are economically energetic are 9% of income.

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In 2019, newly elected President of Lithuania Gitanas Nausėda solely made his first official overseas visit to Warsaw, Poland where he met with the President of Poland Andrzej Duda. During his visit to Vilnius, Duda highlighted the Central European nations’ unity significance for their independence.

As of 2015[update], 66.5% of the total population lives in city areas. Lithuania’s useful city areas embody Vilnius (population 696,000 in 2016) and Kaunas (population 387,000 in 2016). The fDI of the Financial Times in their analysis Cities and Regions of the Future 2018/19 ranked Vilnius fourth within the mid-sized European cities category and Vilnius county was ranked 10th within the small European areas class. Long-time period project (2005–2013) – Development of Rural Areas Broadband Network (RAIN) was began with the target to offer residents, state and municipal authorities and companies with fibre-optic broadband access in rural areas.

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In the later stages of the partisan struggle, Lithuanians formed the Union of Lithuanian Freedom Fighters and its leader Jonas Žemaitis (codename Vytautas) was posthumously recognized because the president of Lithuania. Lithuanian courts and the ECHR each deal with the Soviets’ annihilation of the Lithuanian partisans as a genocide. After the retreat of the German armed forces, the Soviets reestablished their control of Lithuania in July–October 1944. The massive deportations to Siberia have been resumed and lasted till the dying of Stalin in 1953. Antanas Sniečkus, the leader of the Communist Party of Lithuania from 1940 to 1974, supervised the arrests and deportations.

Consequently, Lithuania is certainly one of only a few European nations the place groundwater is used for centralized water provide. With a big underground contemporary water reserves, Lithuania exports mineral-wealthy water to different countries. Approved mineral water quantity is about 2.7 million cubic meters per year, whereas production is just four–5 % of all mineral water resources.

Activities of virtually all Lithuanian cultural organizations had been banned there. In the areas controlled by Poland, resentments grew as a brand new settlement of Polish military veterans with economic ties to Poland introduced larger Polonization. Lithuanian–Polish relations continued to deteriorate, as Polish and Lithuanian forces skirmished within the background of the Polish-Soviet War (and Lithuanian-Soviet War). Polish Military Organization staged Sejny Uprising was met with huge outrage in Lithuania. Furthermore, the picture of Poles deteriorated because of the uncovered plot to overthrow sovereign Lithuanian authorities by the Polish Military Organization, supported by the native Polish minority.

Due to the development of dams, roughly 70% of spawning sites of potential catadromous fish species have disappeared. In some instances, river and lake ecosystems proceed to be impacted by anthropogenic eutrophication. Forest has lengthy been one of the most necessary natural resources in Lithuania. Forests occupy one third of the country’s territory and timber-related industrial manufacturing accounts for nearly eleven% industrial production within the nation.

Based on the Eurostat’s data, in 2017, the value of Lithuanian exports recorded essentially the most rapid progress not only within the Baltic international locations, but additionally across Europe, which was sixteen.9 per cent. For centuries, the southeastern shores of the Baltic Sea had been inhabited by numerous Baltic tribes. In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas and the Kingdom of Lithuania was created on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the biggest nation in Europe; current-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and elements of Poland and Russia have been the territories of the Grand Duchy. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state personal union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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Genetic testing enables you to evaluate your genes with different households and ethnic teams. The database includes not solely Lithuanians but additionally Latvians, Poles, Russians, Swedes, and so many different kinds of people.